Younger Dryas refers to a climate period from 12,800 to 11,600 years ago when Earth’s temperature dropped significantly.  

Evidence shows the onset of the Younger Dryas was caused by impacts from several fragments of a comet which became trapped in Earth’s orbit.

While the devastation was global, the carnage centred on North America where at the time a two mile thick sheet of ice covered half the continent. 

When one fragment of comet hit this glacial shelf, it instantly liquified, causing a flood of meltwater 1,000 feet high to tear across the land. Caught in this rush of water were blocks of ice as big as oil tankers. They ground across Earth like erasers, scrubbing clear everything in their path. 

When the floodwaters reached the coast near modern-day Washington state, sea levels immediately rose, submerging more than 10 million square miles of landthe size of Europe and China put together. 

Fiery ejectors from the impacts also started wildfires. In a matter of weeks almost 10% of Earth’s total biomass had burned. 

Ash from the fires and debris from the impacts became caught in our atmosphere, blocking the light from the sun. Prolonged darkness caused temperatures to plummet—Earth was cast into a 1,200 year thaw. 

During this period tens of millions of large animals went extinct, including 75% of North America’s megafauna, such as the woolly mammoth, mastodon, sabre tooth tiger, short-faced bear, giant sloth, giant beaver, and dire wolf, went extinct. 

There was also a major human population crash—around 30-60%. At this same time quarries mined for centuries by the Clovis people in North America were suddenly abandoned and the use of the distinctive Clovis spear point disappeared for good. 

This is also the time when the Flores peoplepygmies living in Indonesiadisappeared from the fossil record.

Today there is no question whether a comet hit Earth 12,000 years ago. The Comet Research Group—a consortium of 60+ scientists from 16 countries—have worked together to present an undeniable case for the Younger Dryas comet hypothesis.

The real question is how much mankind was impacted by this extinction-level event? How much did it set us back.

The fact is 10,000-12,000 years ago is credited as the beginnings of just about everything we associate with human culture: the dispersion of languages, the emergence of agriculture, the first city, the domestication of animals, the genesis of religion. Again and again, the same dates of 10,000-12,000 years show up. 

The same is true with mad-made megalithic structures dating back to this period found all over the world.

Take Göbekli Tepe in Turkey (pictured below), perhaps the most obvious fingerprint of an advanced ancient people. The discovery of Göbekli Tepe in 1994 pushed back the estimated birth of agriculture by more than 5,000 years, and 95% of the site is yet to be excavated.

The enormous megalithic site has been dated to at least 11,500 years ago. It is the oldest known perfectly north-south aligned site, it appears almost like an astronomy deck for reading the sky. The site features dozens of enormous classroom-like structures made from stones, some in excess of 50 tonnes, arranged in circles with a t-shaped obelisk in the centre. The obelisks feature detailed etchings of animals, constellations and iconography matched by objects found in Peru and Egypt. 

The most puzzling thing about Göbekli Tepe is it was deliberately buried around 10,000 years ago. It’s as if its inhabitants were trying to preserve the knowledge for us to find.

Twelve-thousand years ago also shows up in Egypt. Twist the stars in the sky back 12,000 years and the Pyramids of Giza line up perfectly with Orion’s Belt, while The Sphinx aligns with the constellation of Leo, and the Nile River with The Milky Way. 

Coincidence or design? You be the judge but keep in mind Ancient Egyptians believed the soul of the dead entered the sky through Orion’s Belt and travelled across The Milky Way in order to enter the next life through Sirius. 

Atlantis also dates back 12,000 years. Although “Atlantis” has become a career-killing word in archeology circles, the myth matches perfectly with the date of the comet impacts and consequential flooding. There is only one record of Atlantis. It comes from Plato who lived 3,000 years ago. He describes how his uncle Solon visited Egypt and was told by a priest that 9,000 years earlier there was a great civilization that fell in a mighty flood. 

Recently another site was discovered off the coast of Sicily. Megalithic structures were found under the ocean. The last time the site was above sea level was 10,000 years ago. This means the site is at least 10,000 years old but perhaps much older. 

Go back even further to Ganung Padang in Indonesia where an enormous pyramid—two thirds the height of the great pyramid in Egypt—dates back at least 20,000 years. 

And many geologists argue The Sphinx in Egypt is just as old. Erosion from weeks of prolonged rain suggests The Sphinx was standing long before the Younger Dryas comet hit. Perhaps thousands of years before.

I became obsessed with this period of history after coming into contact with Graham Hancock’s books: Fingerprints of the Gods, Magicians of the Gods, and America Before. In his books, Hancock presents geological and archeological evidence alongside myths told by over 2,000 cultures around the world, all of which recall a great flood thousands of years ago.

Hancock is one of the individuals who led the discovery of the Younger Dryas comet hypothesis. In his early books he presents detailed evidence an advanced culture existed around 12,000 years ago. A culture which seemed to disappear overnight. It was his search for the smoking gun—the cause of this culture’s collapse—which led to the discovery of the Younger Dryas comet. 

I was drawn to Hancock’s work, not just because of the evidence, but also the aggravation I felt towards the science community’s reluctance to embrace these new findings. Hancock is considered a heretic because his ideas challenge the research and work done by others. It makes sense. Of course, if for 30 years you’ve taught students Egypt is 3,500 years old and you’ve written books/papers on the subject, you’ll resist redating Egypt to 12,000 years ago, perhaps even 20,000 years ago. In a moment it could delete all of your life’s work. That’s why Egyptologists have refused to investigate an enormous void discovered above the king’s chamber in the Great Pyramid of Giza. They are afraid of what they might find. 

Göbekli Tepe has also been abandoned. Archeologists stopped excavations after uncovering just 5% of the site. 

Ganung Padang—the 20,000 year old pyramid in Indonesia—has also been abandoned after competing archeologists convinced the president to redirect funding to other projects. 


This fictional tale is an attempt to cast the spotlight on a time in history long forgotten.